Black Americans: A Statistical Sourcebook (Green Library Information Center Statistics Shelf E185.5 B512) provides an extensive collection of tables which display information on a wide variety of topics: population, education, health, crime, government, employment, and income are some of them.
The Black Population in the United States These tables present data on the demographic, social, and economic characteristics of the Black population in the United States from the Current Population Survey (CPS). Topics covered include geographic distribution, marital status, educational attainment, family and household type, labor force status, occupational distribution, earnings, family income, and poverty status. Also also look at the Census's Facts on the Black/African American Population.
Statistical Abstract of the United States (Green Library Information Center Statistics Shelf HA202 .A483) provides a wealth of statistical information from a variety of government and non-governmental sources.
Statistical Record of Black America (Stacks E185.86 .S74) tables and figures from both public and private sources.
We the People: An Atlas of America's Ethnic Diversity (Green Library Information Center E184 .A1 A479 1988 f) surveys people from Africa as well as the Caribbean. Excellent demographic maps.