This tab contains citation guidelines and examples in both APA and MLA style formats, along with links to other styles and resources on citation styles. The style you should use is usually determined by the discipline or course in which you are working. Ask your instructor what style s/he requires or recommends.
Why Cite Sources? Avoiding plagiarism is the most obvious reason; it also helps you back up your arguments with credible evidence and allows others to track down the same resources.
Before turning in your paper, check for these common citation errors:
- Is the list of sources alphabetized?
- Are titles capitalized and/or underlined as required?
- Is spacing and indenting correct?
- Is proper punctuation used?
Citation Formatting Tools
Citation managers are software that keep track of your sources and automatically format your citations in a variety of styles.
- APA Quick Guide (PDF) by Eric Garcia
- APA Style Guide (PDF) by Eric Garcia
- Citing Archival Materials in APA
- Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (print version)
Chicago & Turabian
- Chicago Manual of Style online or print
- Citing Archival Materials in Chicago
- Kate Turabian's Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses & Dissertations (print edition)
- Online Turabian Quick Guide
- Scientific style and format: the CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers (print version)
- The ACS style guide: effective communication of scientific information (print version)
- AIP Style Manual: online or print
- American Sociological Association Style Guide (print version)
- American Anthropology Association citation style guide
- American Medical Association (AMA) Manual of Style : A Guide for Authors and EditorsAmerican Medical Association (print version) and Citing Medicine: The National Library of Medicine Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers
- American Political Science Association (APSA) style guide