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RTM402:Models of Play, Leisure, Recreation

Professor Jan Tolan; RTM Library Marcia Henry

Professor Tolan's Assignment Spring 2015:

Assignment for RTM 402
paper on a person-- minimum of 5 scholar articles in APA - something about the person, and a lot about the theory
1.Schiller  --- german poet impt to surplus energy theory
2. Spencer  --surplus energy theory
3. Karl Groos --- pre exercise or preparation theory
4. G Stanley Hall - recapitulation theory
5. Lazarith - U of Berlin recreation theory
6. T W Patrick -- prof philosophy u of iowa -- relaxation theory
7. Erik Erikson - Play psychosocial play
8. Michael J Ellis -- Why people play
9. Craig Finney - masters thesis-- dissertation from claremont  Recreation and Stress
10. Piaget--  play theory
11. George? Mead, sociologist Perpective on play from sociological point of view - role definition
12. Brian Sutton-Smith ----play
13. Johan Huizinga - play in culture

14. Gregory? Bateson - anthropologist theory of play


15.  Sigmond Freud -- play

Previous years Assignment was :

write an Individual Author Concept Paper (Individual Writing Assignment and presentation)

Each student will read a minimum of 1 book and/or 5 journal articles about play, leisure, or recreation (2 of these may be on-line) which discuss the author’s work. A paper that provides a comprehensive analysis of the author’s model will be submitted. (examples of theories and theorists-

Classical Theories

Surplus Energy – Schiller (1875) and Spencer (1875)

Preexercise/Preparation Theory by Karl Groos (1901) and at least a dozen others

Recreation Theory by G. Stanley Hall (1906)

Recapitulation Theory

Relaxation Theory




Craig Finney

Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi(flow)

A. Blatner & A. Blatner


Freud (therapeutic)

Erik Erikson (therapeutic)

Piaget ‘’’ (cognitive; adaptations)


Brian Sutton-Smith (Social Learning)

See references in Tolan, Finney, Walker



Isabelle Walker (Hint:CSUN professor wrote a chapter in class reader.  You can find her thesis in

Proquest Dissertations and Theses

George Mead

Dirk Huizinga

See references in Tolan, Finney, Walker


Citing your sources EndNote Web

  • Learn how to sign up and use Endnote Web . You can import bibliographic records from a variety of resources to create your own personal database of articles, books, websites.  Use EndNote Web to collect, manage, and create a bibliography or works cited list from your citations.

Registration is free while you are a student.  First time, to sign up for your EndNoteWeb account, you can connect directly to http://library.csun.edu/restricted/endnote.scr. In addition to asking Marcia Henry and other librarians  for help, Endnote Web will  also answer your questions about installing the Cite While you Write plugin for Microsoft Word on your own computer. If you install Cite While You Write plugin on your own computer in your MicroSoft Word, be sure to set Preferences so it goes to the url:


on your own computer you can put in the working email address you used to sign up with EndNoteWeb, your password, and check Keep me logged in.

Tutorials for Endnote Web are provided at library.csun.edu/FindResources/i-Endnoteweb

Endnote Web technical support's telephone number  is (800)336-4474 


 Call Monday-Friday 6:00am-5:00 pm (Pacific Coast Time) Cite While You Write for Microsoft Word


OneSearch allows you to search, at this time,  150 databases as well as the Oviatt Library catalog.   Although 150 databases, many indexes (e.g. PubMed, PsycInfo, Physical Education Index, LLBA...), full text databases (e.g. ScienceDirect, Sage Journals, JSTOR, Springer, Taylor & Franics...) are a lot of databases, OneSearch does NOT contain the contents of all our databses yet.  OneSearch does offer a consistent way to save the records you want to keep, and if you view your saved records, on the right there is a "Export to EndNoteWeb" command where you can easily send the bibliographic information on the source you are viewing into your personal (editable) citation management database. 

OneSearch is very useful to look up scholarly article citations (use quick keyword search author surname key words in title, or type in the article Doi if your citation offers a Doi), or do a simple keyword search on topic.   You can identify academic articles easily, often be advised article is "peer reviewed" and see lots of hints on other keywords you can use for your search strategy.

Visit the OneSearch FAQ to learn all about how to use the library's new online OneSearch tool to find articles, books and more. Or, watch the How to Use OneSearch video:

Check for Full Text Using Find Text

If the article isn't available full text in the database you are searching, click the Find Text button to see if we have access to the full text through another database or in print. A new page opens that will have one or more of the following links:

  • Full text available via [database name]: Click to access the full-text online. If the link takes you to a publication-level page, you can navigate to the article by first choosing the correct year, then the correct month or volume number, then the issue, and then selecting the article from the displayed table of contents.
  • We have this. Check availability in CSU Northridge Catalog: We have the article in print. Click to view the catalog record for the journal or magazine. You'll need to note the call number and then go to the fourth floor to get the article.
  • Request document via Interlibrary Loan: We do not have the article online or in print. You can request the article via interlibrary loan (takes approximately ten working days).

For more information, see About Find Text.

Scholarly Journals (Peer-reviewed/Referreed)

American Journal of Philology cover
  • Authors are authorities in their fields.
  • Authors cite their sources in endnotes, footnotes, or bibliographies.
  • Individual issues have little or no advertising.
  • Articles must go through a peer-review or refereed process.
  • Articles are usually reports on scholarly research.
  • Illustrations usually take the form of charts and graphs.
  • Articles use jargon of the discipline.

How to Cite Articles

  • Determine which citation style to use; the two most commonly used at CSUN are MLA and APA. If your professor didn't specify, pick one and use it consistently.
  • Check the sample style sheets (MLA or APA) to see what information the article citation should contain and how it should be formatted.
  • Be sure to indicate where material you quoted directly or paraphrased came from.

For more information, see Citing Your Sources - Plagiarism.

Citation Formatting Tools

Citation managers are software that keep track of your sources and automatically format your citations in a variety of styles.

  • EndNote Web - free to CSUN students, staff, and faculty; integrates with MS Word and any browser; can export references directly from many databases
  • Zotero - free to anyone; integrates with MS Word and/or Google Docs; must be installed on your own computer