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Voices and Vices: The Reverend Wendell L. Miller Collection

Anti-war sign, War is a Crime Against HumanityReverend Wendell L. Miller was a Los Angeles minister and political activist who strongly believed that a church should play a major role in the social and political agenda of its community. Miller was born in Albian, Nebraska on April 16, 1902. Following high school, he attended Nebraska Wesleyan University, graduating in 1927, and went on to earn a master’s degree in psychology and theology at the University of Southern California in 1932. 

In 1937, Miller became involved in Los Angeles politics, holding community-wide meetings to address gambling, prostitution, and corruption in local government. Joining ranks with well known restaurateur, Clifford Clinton, the Citizens Independent Vice Investigating Committee (C.I.V.I.C.) was formed with the intent to wipe the city clean of the "gambling dens and houses of ill repute" which were "making people abnormal faster than the police can pick them up, even if they wanted to arrest them." The activities of C.I.V.I.C. soon began to draw the attention of Los Angeles political leaders, lawmakers, police, and the community at large. Taking advantage of the spotlight, the organization worked quickly to launch a publicity campaign against crime and corruption in City Hall. When Mayor Frank L. Shaw responded by denying that houses of prostitution and gambling were a major problem in the city, C.I.V.I.C.opened fire with a recall campaign to oust the mayor.

Miller acted as a charismatic and vocal supporter of the recall effort who claimed, "I know where the gambling dens and the houses of ill repute are to be found, but the police don't seem to be able to find them. . . . I have before me here 15 typed pages of addresses of gambling halls and these houses, which already I have furnished to the police. The decent people of Los Angeles must get together,and force the agencies of the law to carry out the intent of the law." The recall was ultimately successful, Shaw was ousted, and  C.I.V.I.C.-supported Judge Fletcher Bowron was elected mayor.

The Reverend Wendell L. Miller Collection documents Miller's professional career as a religious leader and political activist. In addition to records relating to the Citizens Independent Vice Investigating Committee, the collection also includes files regarding his involvement with relocated Japanese Americans during World War II, labor reform efforts, anti-war interests, church work, and attempts to name Miller as a radical communist in the 1950s.


Los Angeles: America's Wickedest City, in Look magazine, September 26, 1939
Los Angeles: America's Wickedest City, in Look magazine, September 26, 1939
Big Shots of the C.I.V.I.C., in The Equalizer, September 1937
Bowron's Backers Exposed, in The Los Angeles Club Reporter, September 15, 1938
Brochure, Citizens Independent Vice Investigating Committee
Flyer, "Reformer" Clinton's Recall Racket Exposed!
Political advertisement, Recall or Recovery?
Mass mailer regarding Mayor Fletcher Bowron's drinking habits
Telegram from Bob Coyne to Reverend Wendell L. Miller, August 13, 1940
Houses of Prostitution in Los Angeles
Brochure, Can Churchmen Commend and Support Frank L. Shaw for Mayor of LA
Fundamentally, reprint from the editorial page of the Hollywood-Citizen News, July 10, 1937
Letter to Reverend Wendell L. Miller regarding an illegal bookmaking operation
Clifton 'Food Poison' Probe Believed Recall Motive, in Progressive Digest, April 4, 1938.
Dear Friends of Good Government, mass mailing in support of Judge Fletcher Bowron for Mayor
Note from Lester Suzuki, interned at Santa Anita Assembly Center, May 4, 1942
Anti-Japanese propaganda postcard sent to Reverend Wendell L. Miller, May 6, 1942
Letter from T. Takahachi and Family, interned at Santa Anita Assembly Center, May 14, 1942
Anti-war booklet, Six Churchmen Speak on the H-Bomb
Anti-war campaign photo, War is a Crime Against Humanity
Anti-war advertisement on public bench, Billions for Armaments, How Much for Peace
Booklet issued by the California State Federation of Labor, Protect the Right of Free Speech, Vote No on Proposition #1
Pamphlet, Make Your Vote Count on April 6th!
Mobile anit-war campaign advertisement

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