Pin-Ups

Pin-ups can be fun and entertaining, and many people enjoy flipping through a picture book filled with pin-ups, whether they are photographs like the iconic WWII pin-up of American actress Betty Grable or the hand drawn pin-ups of Earle Bergey. Pin-ups have been studied by feminist scholars, art historians, cultural historians, an occasional military historian, and pin-ups occupy several distinct spaces in history. Art historian, Maria-Elena Buszek, discusses the emergence of the pin-up "style" as an extension of advertising the 19th century burlesque performer. Using the carte-de-viste, these performers not only advertised their shows but also created their own public images that then became part of popular culture via mass reproduction, distribution, and consumption. An early feminist tendency can be seen in this narration.

Similarly, you can trace the style into the 20th century with images by Charles Dana Gibson and his idealized American girl (the Gibson Girls). These images are often studied as an American ideal or in comparison to the Flapper of the 1920s, the "true woman" vs. the new woman. We see the style again in the Sci-Fi covers of the 1930s-1950s and advertisements for companies like Coca-Cola, General Electric, and RCA in such publications as The Saturday Evening Post and Esquire.

The term, "pin-up" came into use during World War II. Betty Grable pin-up became the most requested of the War and all kinds of pin-ups graced the inside of untold thousands, tens of thousands, of soldiers’ lockers and helmets. During the War, the pin-up also became iconic nose art on predominantly American bombers.

Perhaps the most well-known pin-up in America is Bettie Page. Her modeling career began modestly in 1950, she become well-known as early as 1952, and was Playboy’s playmate of the month in January 1955. She was alternately known as "The Queen of Bondage," "Miss Pin-up Girl of the World," "The Queen of Curves," and "The Dark Angel." She retired from modeling in 1957. Bettie’s popularity began to surge in the late 1970s and 80s, this resurgence included fanzine The Betty Pages as well as publications from Eros Comics and Dark Horse Comics. Her popularity remains today, eight years after her death. This popularity continues to fuel the modern take on the classic pin-up.

Cover of Thrilling Wonder Stories. Image depicts woman drawn in the pin-up “style” by artist Earle Bergey. P1 .T57, vol.36 no.3 August 1950
Classic 1940s artist’s pinup, in The Military Pinup Kit by Earl Moran. NC1849 .W65 M67 2000z
Cover of The Military Pinup Kit, by Earl Moran. NC1849 .W65 M67 2000z
Inside cover of The Military Pinup Kit, by Earl Moran, depicting a cartoon American soldier looking at the opposite page. NC1849 .W65 M67 2000z
First pinup from The Military Pinup Kit by Earl Moran. This is the image being stared at by the cartoon soldier on the inside cover. NC1849 .W65 M67 2000z
Collage of Betty Page photographs, page 4, in Betty Page: Queen of Pin-Up. TR678 .H45 1993
Collage of The Betty Pages covers found in Betty Page: Queen of Pin-up. TR678 .H45 1993
Artist Hajime Sorayama’s drawing of the modern Marilyn Monroe’s The Seven Year Itch pose, this time with yellow dress billowing up, in Pin-up. ND1059.S597 A4 1984
Hajime Sorayama’s modern bathing beauty pin-up in Pin-up. ND1059.S597 A4 1984
American stage actress Lillian Russell, ca. 1890-1899, in The Pin-Up: A Modest History. TR678 .G3
Reproduction of the movie theater advertisement of Marilyn Monroe’s The Seven Year Itch. The Pin-Up: A Modest History.TR678 .G3
Classic 1940s drawn calendar girl by Peruvian artist Alberto Vargas, in The Pin-Up: A Modest History. TR678 .G3

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